Guide to 3M Industrial Adhesive Families
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Posted on June 16, 2015 by Gluegun.com | 0 comments

Learn about 3M structural adhesive families 


We have learned from our last article that a structural adhesive, according to 3M, is one that can create a bond with at least 1,000 psi of overlap shear strength to aluminum. Today we are going to go over the different families of structural adhesives 3M has to offer and the differences, strengths and potential weaknesses of each.

Rigid Epoxy Structural Adhesives
Overview:
Rigid epoxy adhesives are epoxies with less flexibility or ‘stretch’ after they have been cured. They offer tremendous strength between ‘like’ substrates, especially metal. Rigid epoxies are not the best option for dissimilar substrates that are going to contract and expand at different rates.
Top Products:

Flexible Epoxy Adhesives
Overview:
Flexible epoxies are, you guessed it, more flexible after cure. They may not be quite as strong as rigid epoxies between two similar substrates like metal, but offer stronger bonds between two surfaces that may contract and expand at different rates, like metal to plastic. This ‘stretchiness’ in the bond also gives flexible epoxies a much higher peel strength and great adhesion to most plastics.
Top Products:

Toughened Epoxy Adhesives
Overview:
Toughened epoxies are exactly what their name implies, tough. They are not particularly flexible but offer extreme bond strength at given elongations and offer excellent fatigue, vibration and shock resistance. Toughened epoxies also have excellent peel strength.

Top Products:
  • 3M DP420NS
  • 3M DP920 – bonds to metals, oily surfaces

One Part Heat Cured Epoxy Adhesives
Overview:
Heat cured epoxies have excellent strength, especially at high temperatures. These adhesives have to be heated themselves to cure. Cure time on heat cured epoxies is 40-60 minutes at around 300 Degrees F.
Top Products:
  • 3M 2214

MMA Acrylic Adhesives
Overview:
MMA adhesives (also known as methyl metharylates) are a good all-around adhesives for a wide range of substrates. They bond well to most plastics and have high impact resistance on metal bonds. They also require less surface preparation as they are tolerant of many substrate contaminations.
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Low Odor Acrylic Adhesives
Overview:
A newer product line from 3M, low odor acrylics are a cutting edge adhesive technology that were formulated to improve on the odor of the traditional MMA without sacrificing strength or cure characteristics. They bond to a wide range of substrates like metals and plastics and have great impact resistance. Like traditional MMA’s, this low odor adhesive is also tolerant of many surface contaminations.
Top Products:

    LSE Acrylic Adhesives
    Overview:
    LSE acrylic adhesives (short for Low Surface Energy) are great for plastics. They are formulated to bond well to Thermoplastic Olefins and plastics like polypropylene and polyethylene. LSE acrylics should bond well with little or no surface preparation.
    Top Products:
    • 3M DP8010

    Semi Rigid Urethane Adhesives
    Overview:
    Urethanes are naturally more flexible than epoxies. These semi-rigid urethanes are formulated to be more rigid with greater long term holding power and strength to like substrates.
    Top Products:
    • 3M DP600

    Flexible Urethane Adhesives
    Overview:
    Flexible urethanes have great elongation properties or ‘stretch’ which makes them perfect for bonding just about any type of plastic. UV resistance and a faster cure time also separate Urethanes from Epoxies.
    Top Products:
    • 3M DP604NS

    Conclusion
    3M has created an expansive range of structural adhesives to meet the needs of every adhesive bond need and substrate type. Questions? Contact us for recommendations and samples on any of the 3M structural adhesives. 

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